Sunday, May 24, 2020

Mark Twain s Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Essay

Lindsay Harris Period 8 AP Lang 4/28/16 Journal Assignment 1 The question of morality is very prevalent in Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Main characters Huck and Jim have different understandings of what is moral compared to what is moral in today’s society. Morality is being able to make the distinction between what is right and wrong or good and bad behavior. Due to Huck’s rather strange and rough upbringing he has a different understanding of what is morally right compared to what others people may think. Hucks understanding of morality depends of his self benefit. Huck bases what is right and what is wrong on if the outcome affects him. For example robbing people doesn t seem wrong to him because he is the one that benefits at the end. Most people base their morals on the bible, or their religion. People look toward religion to decide what is right and wrong. They pray to their God hoping to receive guidance. When Huck tries this he prays for things he wants and when does not receive what he wants he sim ply decides this whole â€Å"God† thing is a hoax. In Chapter 3 there is a description of the time Huck tried to pray to God, â€Å"Then Miss Watson she took me in the closet and prayed, but nothing come of it. She told me to pray every day, and whatever I asked for I would get it. But it warn’t so. I tried it...I must help other people, and do everything I could for other people, and look out for them all the time, and never think about myself. This was includingShow MoreRelatedMark Twain s The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn1216 Words   |  5 Pages Shaw English 2 Honors/Pd. 8 5 June 2015 Is Mark Twain Racist? Alveda King once stated, â€Å"Racism springs from the lie that certain human beings are less than fully human.† Mark Twain supports this belief when he composed his novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. In the aftermath of the American Civil War, the institution of slavery and American Southern culture was not well understood internationally. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn conveys Southern culture and the social attitudesRead MoreMark Twain s Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn1755 Words   |  8 PagesMark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is a masterpiece and an American classic according to Alex Brink Effgen, a PhD student working on the impact of Twain’s writing (Effgen). Twain expresses the problems that faced America during the 1830s to 1870s through the point of a view of a boy that indirectly expresses his hate for the accepted societal rules that are placed on ideas such as racism. Twain’s use of dialect, language and symbolism expr ess the Realism era and creates a powerful masterpieceRead MoreMark Twain s The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn2015 Words   |  9 Pagesthe latter nineteenth century, the famous author Mark Twain, less commonly known as Samuel Clemens, produced The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. A few years prior to the publishing of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain released possibly his most famous book, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, which is very much an adventure novel. In the early chapters of Twain’s sequel, it appears that ¬Ã‚ ¬Ã‚ ¬Ã‚ ¬ The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is another adventure novel, and that it is just following a differentRead MoreAnalysis Of Mark Twain s The Adventure Of Huckleberry Finn 1064 Words   |  5 PagesKirubel Sharpe Mr. La Plante Honors English 11 AA Fifth Hour 8 January 2015 Unit IV Essay Mark Twain argues that â€Å"self-moral code† votes society’s â€Å"moral code† in determining what’s right or wrong. He supports his assertion by juxtaposing Huck Finn s believes to society’s morality and making fun of the idea of speeches. In order to manifest his beliefs to the readers, Twain uses Juvenalian satire and irony to demand society to second guess the moral codes set by society and instead for each personRead MoreAnalysis Of Mark Twain s The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn752 Words   |  4 Pagesit. In the 1880s classic American novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain urges individuals to release themselves from the current bonds of society to achieve a greater level of happiness. In order to reach the greater level of happiness unreachable in the current circumstances of society, individuals must learn from and mimic nature’s methods which nature utilizes to better itself. Analysis of Literature Critics generally agree Mark Twain intentionally uses nature, more specificallyRead MoreAnalysis Of Mark Twain s The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn1322 Words   |  6 Pagesneeds to have the feeling that he is surrounded by characters of reliance and assurance. Huck Finn has a highly different perspective of the world opposed to the people who surround him. Most importantly, Huck struggles heavily on determining the difference between right and wrong because of the people around him that influence him. He makes his decisions based upon past experiences dictated by trust. Mark Twain makes the choice of a social satire because having Huck tell the story allows the reader toRead MoreAnalysis Of Mark Twain s The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn Essay1936 Words   |  8 PagesCHAPTER –III HUMANISM IN MARK TWAINS NOVELS A study of Mark Twain’s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn is an adventure in understanding changes in America itself. The book, at the center of American geography and consciousness, asks readers to reexamine definitions of â€Å"civilization† and freedom, right and wrong, social responsibility and inhumanity. Published in 1885, the novel recounts those pre-civil war days when the controversy over slavery, with designated slave and Free states, disfigured the faceRead MoreMark Twain s The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn And The Adventures Of Tom Sawyer1654 Words   |  7 Pagesliterature, Mark Twain claims the title. He is a paragon of the ideals that are ascribed to what a(n) (American) writer should be; his humor, his fluid and flexible writing, his ability to portray emotion and passion via ink on dead slices of trees is a mirror image of the- alleged- freedom that America purports. Even in death, his penname is renown- his autobiography a jumbled, yet appealing mess th at was released 100 years after his expiration. Out of the numerous writers in America, Mark Twain is theRead MoreMark Twain s The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn And The Adventures Of Tom Sawyer1226 Words   |  5 PagesMark Twain, American humorist and novelist, captured a world audience with stories of boyhood adventure and with commentary on man s shortcomings that is humorous even while it probes, often bitterly, the roots of human behavior. His writing, Shelley Fisher Fishkin who is one of the leading scholars on the work of Mark Twain in American culture and literature observes, involves an entreaty to rethink, reevaluate and reformulate the terms in which one defines both personal and national identityRead MoreMark Twain s The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn1752 Words   |  8 Pagesinto New England which were pro-slavery in the 1850s (Ingraham). In Mark Twain’s The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn the setting is somewhere around 1840 in the areas surrounding the Missis sippi River, and there were different standards back then regarding race. Twain has his characters fit the mold of how someone back then would talk and how they would act, and racism is a part of that. In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain uses realistic elements such as regionalist dialect and the characters’

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

A Clear Picture Of Your Discourse Community - 1361 Words

Michael Fathalla ENC 1102 Professor Eric Murnane March 10, 2015 Data Analysis Present a clear picture of your discourse community. Who are its members? What specialized language/texts/rituals are associated with it? Why should it be studied at all? You should have discussed these ideas in your research proposal. Here is where you realize them with materials you gathered from your discourse community. The Pre-Professional Medical Society or PPMS is an organization on the University of Central Florida’s main campus. It specializes in the healthcare profession in general. Any student who is pursuing a degree and a career in the medical field can join PPMS. PPMS is a public organization that communicates with its members through email, an up to date website, and monthly meetingings. Also, the emails and website are used to inform members about events that the organization will be holding, for example, a medical symposium, 5K charity run, and many other events. Meetingings are used to provide more information but more importantly, it is a time where officers communicate with members and hear feedback about recent events and suggestions for the future. PPMS publishes a monthly newsletter that is available online for everyone to see (ppmedsociety.org). Also, members who attend the monthly meeting get a physical copy of the newsletter. In addition, PowerPoint or Prezi is used during the meeting to engage attendees while each officer talks about announcements about theShow MoreRelatedThe Ethics Of Discourse Communities959 Words   |  4 PagesDiscourse communities are groups of people who share similar values, goals, and ways of communication. Although it is more of a broad definition, to me discourse communities can be more simplified. My definition: sharing the same experiences, individual passion, and journey as your destined group. Even though high school is bygone, the Langston Hughes Volleyball Team is still considered my discourse community. Not to be biased but we are the best. Performing rigorous activities such as sports requirementsRead MoreCommunication, Radio, And Becoming Part Of The Community1684 Words   |  7 PagesDiscourse communities can come in many different variations whether they differ in goals or in the ways they communicate. Some discourse communities may very well play important roles for the rest of society as a whole. One example of these vital communities is the United Sates Army Special Forces. You may find yourself asking, â€Å"What exactly is the purpose of this community?†. The goal of Special Forces is simple, to serve and protect our nation and to carry out special missions. In this essayRead MoreThe Types Of Unprotected Speech1672 Words   |  7 Pagesexplain three types of unprotected speech. Unprotected discourse implies discourse that is subjected to directions issued by the administration. It implies discourse that is totally precluded subject to legislative directions. Unprotected Speech: can be arranged into vulgarity, words that beg to be defended, deceitful deception, backing of fast approaching rebellious conduct, and slander. Dangers are additionally regarded as unprotected discourse since they constitute terrorizing. Words that need defendingRead MoreSpringboard Diving As A Discourse Community2107 Words   |  9 PagesSpringboard Diving as a Discourse Community The world of diving has been around since the 1800’s and has been seen at the Olympic games since 1904. It first started off being called â€Å"fancy-diving† where the aim was to plunge into the water and see who could achieve the furthest depth underwater. It then progressed and became more complex involving specific skills and dives which first only men were allowed to participate in, and later women came into the society. To this day, diving is one of theRead More Education for citizenship is important because every society needs1545 Words   |  7 Pagessociety needs people to contribute effectively, in a variety of ways, to the future health and wellbeing of communities and the environment, locally, nationally and globally. Rationale for citizenship Education for citizenship is important because every society needs people to contribute effectively, in a variety of ways, to the future health and wellbeing of communities and the environment, locally, nationally and globally. Fostering active and responsible citizens contributes toRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem The Echo Of Silence 1522 Words   |  7 Pagesby Shirin Neshat. Ms. Neshat â€Å"...is a contemporary Iranian artist best known for her films exploring the relationship between women and the religious and cultural value systems within Islamic communities† (Fine Art). In this paper Neshat’s biography, style for taking the picture, inspiration for the picture, and the powerful meaning behind it will be discussed. Her artwork has inspired many around the world, but has also angered people. Neshat’s Women of Allah is inspirational to many women. ForRead MoreThe Representation of Colonized People in Rudyard Kipling’s Poem â€Å"the White Man’s Burden†: an Unrealistic Representation3227 Words   |  13 Pagesrepresentation of colonized people in the poem from Edward Said’s perspective, one can find out that it is just a misrepresentation. And through Kipling’s accusation of camouflaging the atrocity of the imperial vision by this misrepresentation, it is clear that the real reason behind this unrealistic image is empowering the cultural hegemony of the colonizer. 1- The analysis 2.1- Defining Edward Said’s notion of representation. People can be able to understand the complex world in whichRead MoreTeaching English As A Language Essay1258 Words   |  6 Pagesbroad communications in the accompanying ways:. Literature may be widening as far as authors, audiences, genres, and models of representations. Besides, book readers have a stretched situated from claiming time permits identities, discourses, subjectivities, communities also modes of understanding. When the globe will be getting to be progressively receptive due to immediate communications, those corpus about print writing may be stretching Just about exponentially due to the amount of meets expectationsRead MoreSocial Media And The Media1192 Words   |  5 Pagesare selective consumers with behaviors varying reliant on the topic. With this in mind we can hope groups other than millennials are not receiving a likeminded point of view even if a clear proclamation cannot be made. All in all a multitude of voices talking about assorted topics can only be good for public discourse, and could potentially impact mobilization. The preceding paragraphs were aimed at providing a baseline of knowledge, show that social media provides a wide variety of information, andRead MoreEssay on A Passion for Art and Coffee1575 Words   |  7 Pageswalls. Overstuffed armchairs and a black leather couch encompass a coffee table laden with New Yorker magazines and a chess board. A tiled walkway f unnels into the robustly-antiqued wooden front door. Above, Christmas tree lights coiled around clear, grapefruit-size balls dangle from a rectangular-shaped, burgundy awning which, in a type-writer font, bears the stores name, The Midnight Rooster. The facade is fresh, spontaneous, and uniquely hip compared to the 1950s architectural style

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Recommendation Management and Staff Directory Free Essays

Recommendation Since, the problem at Sundale Club has begun when Ellis hired her close friend Chuck Johnson. Ellis action was bias when Havens reported about Johnson misbehavior, then after Haven was fired. Afterward the whole organization was in turmoil. We will write a custom essay sample on Recommendation: Management and Staff Directory or any similar topic only for you Order Now Therefore the director of Sundale Clube should do something unless the organization will fall. There is several ways which would recover Sundale Club. 1). Restructure of staff directory. Look closely to Sundale Club staff directory, it is look very centralization which help Ellis, who has authority in important decision making on her department. Moreover Watts has lost his fire to run the Sundale Club. Nevertheless as the director Watts should done something to prevent the organization before he retire. Watts should changes the staff directory to, Board of director President VP Athletic VP Marketing VP Finance Manager Marketing Manager Finance Asst. Athletic Since Sundale Club is the largest athletic/social in the city. Centralization structure is not suitable for such large organization. Therefore Watts should change to decentralization; from this structure he can balance the power or authority among the top managers. Even though decentralization structure takes longer time on decision making, but it ensures that the organization will not go to the wrong path or fall into big problem as it was. 2). Hire new mangers or management’s team. As Sundale Club has changed its structure, next step, Sundale Club should recruit new management’s team. Watts might promote Carol and Ellis to the board director and he himself could take the president position as well. As social activities is the main income for the organization. Therefore social department Sundale can place it under marketing department. Sundale have to hire financial and marketing management teams. At athletic department, Sundale may put Pat in the VP athletic, since she has worked here for nine years, and Mercer may take the Haven position. Sundale should fire Johnson; because since he gets in the organization he makes his colleagues feel uncomfortable and most important is a lot of customers withdraw from being Sundale membership. 3). Rebuild the organization culture and gaining customers trust back. Sound difficult if Sundale have to rebuild its culture, but since Sundale has hire new management team, it’s become easier because new employees or managers do not know the Sundale culture yet. There for it is a good time to rebuild its culture. Moreover Sundale has to gain back its customers trust. Since there was a rumor about Johnson’s homosexual behavior in the organization and it will flow to the city too. How to cite Recommendation: Management and Staff Directory, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Project Management Toolsets of Project Management †Free samples

Question: Discuss about the Project Management Toolsets for Usage of Project Management. Answer: The Toolsets described by Project Managers and their Benefits and Limitations Risk Management This toolset consists of items that tend to form a coherent group and they all are directly related to the risk management. It proves to be beneficial in identifying the risks, ranking the risks and then planning the strategies to either avoid the risk or mitigate the risks identified (Besner Hobbs, 2006). However it is a complex process of assigning the responsibility for high ranked risk to a risk owner and then representing the risk information on the graph for analysis. Basic Project Management Software Functionalities This toolset is intended towards meeting the specific needs and the functionalities are grouped into two forms. One form involves the basic functions whereas the other form involves the advanced functions. The project management software used for monitoring the schedule and task scheduling do not require much support from the organization and so they can be used independently by the practitioners. However it also involves some complexities like the project management software used for scheduling the resources is complex and requires organizational support. Advanced Project Management Software Functionalities The items incorporated in this toolset are more difficult to use since it demands organizational initiative to implement a system in order to support such functionalities (Blomquist et al., 2010). However, once an organization implements the system to use any one of functionalities, the addition of other functionalities become easy. Multiproject Management This toolset involves the items that are capable of managing multiple projects at the same time. However the use of this toolset mainly depends upon the resources that are available to the organization. Databases This toolset demand a technological infrastructure and thus requires high support from the organization (Bani Ali et al., 2008). However if the organization successfully implements the database system, it becomes easy for the organization to use the infrastructure for different needs. Initial Planning This is most widely toolset since it involves activities that are carried out during the initial plan of the project. It is a complex process that needs to be accomplished efficiently since a single mistake in this phase can drive the project out of track. Bidding and fixed price contracts This toolset is mainly centered upon contract administration in general and fixed price contracts in particular. However it is also the fact that the items incorporated in these toolset posses the highest variance in terms of usage. Business case definition This facilitates the project sponsor in securing the necessary support and the resources from the top level of the organization (Dai et al., 2004). The tools and techniques incorporated in this set exhibits moderate level of use. Business benefits measures This toolset emphasizes upon the financial metrics of valuating the project. However it mainly emphasizes upon the medium term post evaluation of the success of the project rather than short term efficiency. Baseline change management This toolset puts forward the fact that the change management mainly depends upon the baseline identification and it should be related to the initial approved plan (Besner Hobbs, 2008). Network planning average This is among the least used toolset. However in comparison to the initial planning toolset, it involves the tools that are time related, mathematical and analytical in nature. Financial evaluation This toolset is effective in cases where costs and revenues involved in the project are readily measured. However in case of projects where the benefits are less easily measured, this toolset cannot be used. Team management This toolset is used extensively but it does not put forward the importance of the human role in project management and the impact of the human on the projects (Collins, 2011). Variable price contract The administration of this toolset requires careful specification of the requirements and also requires close monitoring of the performance. Again, the cost plus contracts are to some extent more common in project management but it also re quires close monitoring of the performance. Project closure This toolset facilitates in analyzing the satisfaction of the client once the project has been completed and it also facilitates in analyzing the quality achieved. Monitoring progress This is the most fundamental function of the project management and this toolset consists of the tools that are most extensively used in almost all the contexts while monitoring the progress of the project. Project analysis This toolset facilitates in analyzing the undertaken project to identify its success or failure and it is also the fact that each element of this toolset can be looked upon as a toolset in itself (Maylor, 2010). Cost estimation It facilitates in analyzing the cost involved in the project and the tools involved are easy to use. Quality This facilitates in analyzing the whether the project that has been completed has met the quality standards or not. Project Management Toolsets employed While working as a project manager in my current organization, I was in charge of a the project to successfully implement the ERP software for functional departments like the inventory, finance and HR department with a limited budget and limited time without hampering the other operations within the organization (Mehta, 2007). Thus while accomplishing the project, it emphasized upon employing various tool sets as follows: Initial Planning This facilitated me in planning the entire project i.e. the team to be formed, the resources required and the blueprint of the project. Risk Management This facilitated in analyzing and identifying the potential risks that I might encounter while accomplishing the project and thus plan the strategies accordingly. Team management This facilitated me forming the required team that included the project manager, SAP consultants, database administrator, SAP GUI designer, SAP consultants and the members from the functional departments and thus leading the team efficiently. Network planning average This facilitated me in planning the activities that need to be accomplished (Besner Hobbs, 2006). Financial evaluation This facilitated in setting the budget for the undertaken project (Patel, 2008). Project closure It facilitated in analyzing the satiation level on the part of the project stakeholders through survey. Quality It facilitated analyzing the whether the project accomplished meet the specific quality standards and requirements or not. Toolsets helpful in Managing Global Projects The toolsets that are helpful in managing global projects include the following: Initial planning Business case definition Team management Financial evaluation Toolset that have been used in Project Management Initial Planning Toolset The initial planning toolset mainly consists of the following items: Kick-off meeting Milestone planning Scope statement Work breakdown structure Project charter Responsibility assignment matrix Communication plan As per the article by Benser and Hobbs, (2008), the items involved in this toolset have high level of usage in the project management and the average level of use of the toolset is the highest among all the toolsets. So this toolset can be compared to the Swiss Army knife of planning and this is mainly because of the fact that it emphasize upon integrating the scope, time, communication and the responsibility planning tools that are most common in the initial phase of project planning. The project charter facilitates the project manager with the authority to conduct the project. It tends to integrate the several outputs of the other tools of the present set. Categorization or Classification of the Initial Planning Toolset The initial planning toolset can be categorized into different activities that include: Kick-off meeting It facilitates in discussing the entire project with the top management of the organization and the team members and then agree upon the budget and time frame together with the specific requirements and the quality standards. Milestone Planning The milestone planning proves to be beneficial in setting short term goals which facilitates in assessing the progress of the project (Bani Ali et al., 2008). Scope statement This facilitates in setting and determining the project goals, the deliverables, the deadlines and the costs involved. Work breakdown structure It facilitates in dividing the entire project into set of activities i.e. setting the activities that need to be carried out efficiently for the successful completion of the undertaken project. Project charter This facilitates the project manager with the authority of conducting the project (Niebecker et al., 2008). Responsibility assignment matrix This proves to be beneficial in assigning the team members with their respective responsibilities. Communication plan This facilitates in determining the line of authority within the project team for effective communication. The above classification of the toolset facilitates in meeting the specific requirements of the project so that the goals and objectives can be achieved successfully. Benefits and Limitations of Initial Planning Toolset The initial planning toolset facilitates in laying down the foundation i.e. the base of the project. Again it facilitates in discussing the analyzing the specific need of the orgaznaition and putting forward the solution that initiates the need to undertake the project (Papke-Shields et al., 2010). As for example, in case of above mentioned ERP implementation project, the situation that was identified was the organization used to invest a huge cost in managing and stocking its inventory and it also failed in delivering the right products to the right place at the right time leading to business loss. Thus in order to manage this problem, the toolset was used to propose the ETP project. It also facilitates in setting the project objectives as in this case some of the objectives were to deliver high quality products to the consumers on time, to minimize the cost involved in inventory management and etc. and this keeps the team focused. It facilitates in defining the scope of the project that proves to be beneficial in reducing the anxiety and uncertainty on the part of the employees and thus reduces the resistance to change (Thamhain, 2007). On the other hand in case of limitations, it can be said that it is a complex process and involves time and effort from both the team members and the management of the organization. Efficiency and expertise is required since even a single mistake in planning the project might lead to undesirable outcomes. Strategy to overcome the limitation In order to overcome the limitation of the initial planning toolset i.e. the requirement of the expertise and efficiency, the management and the project team should emphasize upon conducting meetings to discuss the various aspects of the project. As in case of ERP implementation, I emphasized upon conducting regular meetings with the management to understand their specific requirements together with involving the team members so that they also become aware of what is required. The communication need to be effective so that there does not exist any uncertainty or confusion and t he team members should be encouraged to take active participation in the decision making process and put their feedbacks since it would lead to the development of innovative ways to accomplish the project objectives (Pinto Slevin, 2006). References Bani Ali, A. S., Anbari, F. T., Money, W. H. (2008). Impact of organizational and project factors on acceptance and usage of project management software and perceived project success. Project Management Journal, 39(2), 533. doi: 10.1002/pmj.20041 Besner, C., Hobbs, B. (2006). The perceived value and potential contribution of project management practices to project success. Project Management Journal, 37(3), 3749. Besner, C., Hobbs, B. (2008). Discriminating contexts and project management best practices on innovative and noninnovative projects. Project Management Journal, 39(S1), S123S134. doi: 10.1002/pmj.20064 Blomquist, T., Hllgren, M., Nilsson, A., Sderholm, A. (2010). Project-as-practice: In search of project management research that matters. Project Management Journal, 41(1), 516. doi: 10.1002/pmj.20141 Collins, R. (2011).Project management. New York: Nova Science Publishers. Dai, C. X., Wells, W. G. (2004). An exploration of project management office features and their relationship to project performance. International Journal of Project Management, 22(7), 523532. Maylor, H. (2010).Project management. Harlow, England: Financial Times Prentice Hall. Mehta, R. (2007).Project management. Jaipur: Aavishkar Publishers. Niebecker, K., Earger, D., Kubitza, K. (2008). Improving cross-company project management performance with a collaborative project scorecard. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 1(3), 368386. Papke-Shields, K. E., Beise, C., Quan, J. (2010). Do project managers practice what they preach, and does it matter to project success? International Journal of Project Management, 28(7), 650662. doi: 10.1016/j.ijproman.2009.11.002 Patel, V. (2008).Project management. Jaipur, India: Oxford Book Co. Pinto, J. K., Slevin, D. P. (2006). Critical factors in successful project management. IEEE Transactions of Engineering Management, 34(1), 2227. Thamhain, H. J. (2007). Integrating project management tools with the project team. Paper presented at the 29th Annual PMI Seminars and Symposium, Long Beach, CA.

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Causes and Effects of the Crus Essay Example

Causes and Effects of the Crus Essay Towards 1071 AD, Seldjuk Turks had grown powerful and had started conquering the East. Christians began to find it difficult to reach the holy places during their pilgrimages. The military expeditions planned and fought by western European Christians that began around 1095 AD, are known today as the Holy Wars, or the Crusades. The purpose of these expeditions was to overtake and gain control of the holy land of Jerusalem, from the Muslims. Deus Vult, meaning God Wills It, was the battle cry of the thousands of Christians who took part in the event of the Crusades. It was Christian belief that fate was to gain control of the Holy Land for the glory of God. In the year of 1095 AD, Pope Urban II started the Crusades. On November 18, 1095 AD, Pope Urban II opened the Council of Clermont. Nine days later, the Pope made a speech just outside the French city of Clermont-Ferrand.During this speech, Pope Urban II had called the Christians to join a holy war Holy War to reclaim the Holy Lands as an act of Christianity. Pope Urban II stayed in France until September 1096 in hopes of providing leadership and control for the First Crusaders. Soon, his famous speech had begun to spread throughout the west, and many people of different social classes started joining the crusading army. For peasants, the crusade let them be free of feudal bonds. Everyone was also promised immediate salvation in heaven if they were killed in trying to free the holy land from non-Christians. This goaded many people to become part in this battle. Soon, Urban lost all control of the vast army that was far beyond his control. Therefore, he did not have to power to stop the slaughter of Jews in northern France, and so many other populations in the East and in Europe. At this time, and at the start of the crusades, the Pope had little real power over Christianity. Urban was hoping that the Crusades would help strengthen his power and

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Operation Barbarossa In WWII Essays - Operation Barbarossa

Operation Barbarossa In WWII Essays - Operation Barbarossa Operation Barbarossa in WWII "When Operation Barbarossa is launched, the world will hold its breath!" - Adolf Hitler On the night of June 22, 1941, more than 3 million German soldiers, 600 000 vehicles and 3350 tanks were amassed along a 2000km front stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea. Their sites were all trained on Russia. This force was part of 'Operation Barbarossa', the eastern front of the greatest military machine ever assembled. This machine was Adolf Hitler's German army. For Hitler, the inevitable assault on Russia was to be the culmination of a long ezding obsession. He had always wanted Russia's industries and agricultural lands as part of his Lebensraum or 'living space' for Germany and their Thousand Year Reich. Russia had been on Hitler's agenda since he wrote Mein Kampf some 17 years earlier where he stated: 'We terminate the endless German drive to the south and the west of Europe, and direct our gaze towards the lands in the east...If we talk about new soil and territory in Europe today, we can think primarily only of Russia and its vassal border states'i Hitler wanted to exterminate and enslave the 'degenerate' Slavs and he wanted to obliterate their 'Jewish Bolshevist' government before it could turn on him. His 1939 pact with Stalin was only meant to give Germany time to prepare for war. As soon as Hitler controlled France, he looked east. Insisting that Britain was as good as defeated, he wanted to finish off the Soviet Union as soon as possible, before it could significantly fortify and arm itself. 'We only have to kick in the front door and the whole rotten edifice will come tumbling down'ii he told his officers. His generals warned him of the danger of fighting a war on two fronts and of the difficulty of invading an area as vast as Russia but, Hitler simply overruled them. He then placed troops in Finland and Romania and created his eastern front. In December 1940, Hitler made his final battle plan. He gave this huge operation a suitable name. He termed it 'Operation Barbarossa' or 'Redbeard' which was the nickname of the crusading 12th century Holy Roman emperor, Frederick I. The campaign consisted of three groups: Army Group North which would secure the Baltic; Army Group South which would take the coal and oil rich lands of the Ukraine and Caucasus; and Army Group Centre which would drive towards Moscow. Prior to deploying this massive force, military events in the Balkans delayed 'Barbarossa' by five weeks. It is now widely agreed that this delay proved fatal to Hitler's conquest plans of Russia but, at the time it did not seem important. In mid-June the build-up was complete and the German Army stood poised for battle. Hitler's drive for Russia failed however, and the defeat of his army would prove to be a major downward turning point for Germany and the Axis counterparts. There are many factors and events which contributed to the failure of Operation Barbarossa right from the preparatory stages of the attack to the final cold wintry days when the Germans had no choice but to concede. Several scholars and historians are in basic agreement with the factors which led to Germany's failure however, many of them stress different aspects of the operation as the crucial turning point. One such scholar is the historian, Kenneth Macksey. His view on Operation Barbarossa is plainly evident just by the title of his book termed, 'Military errors Of World War Two.'iii Macksey details the fact that the invasion of Russia was doomed to fail from the beginning due to the fact that the Germans were unprepared and extremely overconfident for a reasonable advancement towards Moscow. Macksey's first reason for the failure was the simply that Germany should not have broken its agreement with Russia and invaded its lands due to the fact that the British were not defeated on the western front, and this in turn plunged Hitler into a war on two fronts. The Germans, and Hitler in particular were stretching their forces too thin and were overconfident that the Russians would be defeated in a very short time. Adolf Hitler's overconfidence justifiably stemmed

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Toyota Brand Management Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Toyota Brand Management - Essay Example Market analyst’s claim that if a company has a strong brands it has low employee turnover and a lower likelihood of losing its customers. The greatest strength of integrated branding is aligning the actions of the company with its strengths. This implies that the brand should reflect the company’s capabilities (Roll 2006, p.56). A second aspect of integrated branding that is beneficial to Toyota is customer preference. A brand driven company has the mechanisms to acquire knowledge about the customers needs. This information enables to produce in regards to the needs of the customer thus making them satisfied. Satisfied customers are loyal to a company, and this leads to significant sales. Brand environmental audit is essential in the branding process is various ways. The company intending to market a product will know the strengths and weaknesses of the target market. The company is also in a position to know the preferences of a market. With this knowledge, the brandin g manager strategizes on the branding process (Aggarwal 2008, p.129). The following is an analysis of the Asian Markets. The strength and the weakness of the Yen can produce strong implications on Toyota’s abilities to make sales. If the yen is strong, it gives citizens purchasing power in foreign commodities. This aspect is crippling to Toyota’s branding strategies as they experience reduced local demand. This is to show that the economic status of the region plays a critical role in determining market specificity. The brand a company intends to market, therefore, must pay attention to the economic situation. In this regard, a marketing manager will be careful not to launch an â€Å"expensive† product during an economic recession. The Economic situation in Asia is as a result of the political instabilities in the region. However, in recent times, the region has stabilized and there is a marked improvement in the economic sector (Bradley 2005, 71). Another impli cation on the Asian markets is the media. The positive or negative light shed by the media can make or build a brand. The Media has immense influence because most youth depend on the media for access to information. Globalization of the Media has wide spread roots in the Asian region. Chinese television programmes are a favourite in the region with more and more Asian countries paying attention to Cantonese pop music. There is also the internet whose advancement in the Asian region is rapid. People share information in chat rooms and social networking. The fun Vii is targets the youth, and Toyota has to ensure that the media gives positive criticism to this regard (Aaker 2011, p.33). The other aspect of the asian markets to consider is regionality. This can work for or against toyota in the sense that people can either prefer local brands or foreign brands. However, in the case of asia, locals, especially men prefer local brands to foreign brands. In comparison to U.S brands, Asia b rands indicate the mother company of a product and the place of the assembly to his effect. Regionality may indicate the popularity of a product peoples acceptance of the product and the priority they give it. Toyota has already established itself in the region, so this is not a likely huddle for them to jump over (Cayla & Eckhardt 2007, p.217). Consumer attitudes are extremely influential in determining trends in the Asian markets. The asian markets are particularly keen on technological advancements. The deep rooted culture of innovation plays a prominent role in the branding techniques and the design of the product. The Asian markets, in view of embracing globalisation, focus on the future prospects and not on the current events. Asian innovations